Diabetes – Who is at risk?

Are you at risk for Type 2 Diabetes?
by: Larraine Sathicq

Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the pancreas struggles to produce enough insulin (a hormone
necessary for sugar metabolism) or when the insulin that is produced is ineffective.

Lifestyle factors are a major influence on Type 2 Diabetes risk, and so is genetic predisposition.
Changing to a healthier diet and adopting more physical activity into your days can prevent
or delay the onset of this type of diabetes, but in some cases, daily medication may be needed,
either to improve insulin levels or make it work better.

Kids At Risk
Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes because it mostly affects younger people,
but with the increasing numbers of children who are not overweight or obese, Type 2 diabetes is
also striking at younger ages.
Type 1 diabetes is not caused by lifestyle factors and its management always requires insulin
injections and blood-glucose monitoring.
It has been estimated that for every person diagnosed with diabetes, there is another person
who goes undiagnosed. “It’s not unusual for people to see their doctors with related conditions,
like eye problems, and they find that they have diabetes and have had it for some time.” says
Corbell.
Left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious problems, including cardiovascular disease, blindness,
lower-limb amputation and kidney failure.

TREATMENTS

Glitazones - these drugs are being used to treat Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance.
Used alone or in combination with other medications, such as Metformin, they work by increasing
your sensitivity to insulin. A slow-release drug called insulin Glargine is available and overcomes
the problem of fluctuating insulin levels that may lead to potentially dangerous hypoglycaemic (low
blood sugar) episodes in people with diabetes. Your doctor will advise you whether this preparation
is suitable for you.

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